Emerging Trend Of Spousal Violence In Contemporary Nigeria

Sesan A Peter, Halima Doma Kutigi, Baamshal Isabel


Spousal violence is a global social problem that has no territorial, gender, class or religious boundaries. Despite its high incidence, spousal violence in Nigeria is perceived with gender bias:  it is mostly associated with men regardless of documented cases of female-perpetrated violence. This paper therefore examines the phenomenon holistically with a view to identifying the factors responsible for the increase in spousal violence in Nigeria, the conflict resolution mechanisms employed in curtailing spousal abuse, and how to reduce spousal violence in Nigeria. This study employed secondary sources of data collection. The findings show that female violence against their spouses or partners has become prevalent in contemporary Nigeria. The causative factors include the high level of poverty in the country, psychological disposition, revolt against unhealthy cultural practices and power structure, social media influence, peer group and extended family influence, disrespect for elders and cultural leaders, substance abuse by women, and the penchant for modern methods of conflict resolutions as opposed to more effective traditional methods, among which mediation stands out. The study recommends, among others, that spouses should learn to collaborate as partners in progress in building their families instead of competing for dominance or authority. The religious and cultural perception of power structure in the family should be such that no partner is regarded as subservient or inferior. Traditional methods of conflict resolution should be promoted to build lasting peace in the family, which is the microcosm of society.

Key words: Violence, Cultural Violence, Marriage, Conflict, Peace


Full Text:



Ajayi, A. T. &Buhari, L.O. (2014). Methods of conflict resolution in African traditional society. An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia, 8 (2), Serial No. 33, 138-157.

Barber, C. F. (2008). Domestic violence against men. Nursing Standard, 22(51), 35-39.

Cunradi, C. B., Todd, M., Duke, M., & Ames, G. (2009). Problem drinking, unemployment and intimate partner violence among a sample of construction industry workers and their partners. Journal of Family Violence, 24, 63–74.

Fareo, D.O. (2015) Domestic violence against women in Nigeria. European Journal of Psychological Research, 2 (1), 24-33.

Galtung, J. (1990). Cultural violence. Journal of Peace Research, 27(3), 291-305.

Ganley, A. L. (1994). Understanding domestic violence. In Warshaw, C., & Ganley, A. L.,

Improving the health care response to domestic violence: A resource manual for health care providers(pp. 15–45.). San Francisco, CA: The Family Violence Prevention Fund.

Henton, J., Cate, R., Koval, J., Lloyd, S., & Christopher, S. (1983). Romance and violence in dating relationships. Journal of FamilyIssues, 4, 467-482.

Isgandarova, N. (2017). The role of Islam in preventing domestic violence towards Muslim women in Azerbaijan. In SPC (p. 183).

Isurmona, V.A. (ed.) (2005). Problems of peacemaking and peace keeping. Perspective on Peace and conflict in Africa. Ibadan: John Archers Publishers Ltd.

Jones, A. (1994, March 10). Crimes against women: Media part of problem for masking violence in the language of love. USA Today, p. A9.

Khan, A. R. (2015). Domestic violence against women in Bangladesh: A review of the literature and the gaps to fill-in by future interventions. Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 18(3), 57–81.

Mignone, T., Klosterman, M. T., & Chen, R. (2009). The relationship between relapse to alcohol and relapse to violence. Journal of Family Violence, 24, 495–505.

Namadi, M.M. (2017).Nature and prevalence of domestic violence against men in Dala Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria Journal of Social and Management Sciences, 12(1), 10-20.

Nwachukwu, J.O. (2018, Feb. 8). 30 year old woman sentenced to death for killing own husband.

Daily post newspaper.

Nwafor, P. (2018, May 8). Diamond estate murder. Udeme planned to travel abroad after killing


Obarisiagbon, E.I &Omage, M.I., (2019).Emerging trend in the culture of domestic violence against men in Southern Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 9(3), 50-56.

Olaoba, O.B. (2005). Ancestral Focus and the process of conflict resolution in Traditional African societies. ‖n Albert, A. O. (ed.) Perspectives on peace and conflict in Africa.

Essays in Honour of General (Dr) Abdul Salam A, Abubakar, Ibadan: John Archers Ltd.

Osazuwa, J. &Iboma, B. (2018). From lovers to husband killers: why woman murder their spouses, by experts. https://www.sunnewsonline.com.

Pain, R. (2014). Everyday terrorism: Connecting domestic violence and global terrorism. Progress in Human Geography, 38, 531–550.

Peter, S.A., (2018).Linking women to new crime in Nigeria: The emerging ‘Baby Factories’ and sales. Abuja Journal of Gender Studies and Youth Advancement, 1(1&2), 248-263.

Slabbert, I., (2016). Domestic violence and poverty: Some women’s experiences. Research On Social Work Practice, p.1-8.

World Health Organisation (WHO), (2013). Global and regional estimates on violence Against Women. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data.

World Report on Violence and Health (2002). WHO: Geneva.


  • There are currently no refbacks.