Boko Haram Violence and its Effects on Children in Adamawa State, Nigeria

Danjibo D Nathaniel, Adebimpe Akinkuotu


A lot of scholarly works have been done on Boko Haram and its violent activities in the northern part of Nigeria. Most of these studies are centred on the ideology of the group, its historical emergence, its link with other terrorist organizations, the impact and effects of its terror, the humanitarian crisis resulting from their insurgent activities, as well as both national and international/regional responses to counter its violent activities. However, less attention has been paid to the impact of Boko Haram terrorism on children, especially the children living in internally displaced peoples’ (IDP) camps. Using qualitative method, this study investigated the effect of Boko Haram insurgency on children in Adamawa State of Nigeria. Primary data for the study was generated from in-depth interviews with care givers, camp managers, representatives of government and non-governmental institutions and some displaced children. Secondary data was derived from books, journal articles on Boko Haram. Data was content analysed. It is obvious that the Boko Haram crisis has affected children in many ways such as not being able to go to school, not having access to healthcare facilities, inadequate as well as nutritional food to eat in camps. Children were also forcefully recruited into Boko Haram as fighters and spies while the Nigerian security forces have arrested and detained several children thereby violating their rights. The crisis has also affected the mental health of children and has made many girls vulnerable. It is therefore important for both the government and other relevant stakeholders to pay adequate attention and make serious commitment to the physical, mental, and social needs of children living in IDP camps. 

Keywords: Boko Haram, Insurgency, Children, Nigeria


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