The Role of the International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) as Non-State Actors in the Management of Marital Violence in Ibadan

Modupe O Ala, Molatokunbo Abiola S Olutayo


The issue of marital violence is a major social challenge with devastating consequences. It cuts across Africa, Nigeria, and is prevalent in Ibadan. Marital violence in both rural and urban phenomenon  is conflict that involves both male and female gender. State (government) and Non-state (Non-Government) are actors in its managementhowever; complainants appear to prefer the services of Non-state actors utilizing mediation (ADR) mechanism which is pro bono (no charges) fast and appear effective. Existing studies have focused more on the activities of State actors (government) than the activities of Non-State actors. This study was, therefore, designed to examine the role of Non-State actors in managing marital violence in Ibadan, Nigeria, using the mechanism of mediation. The study examined and documented theoretical compliance of the process.

Theories of Structural-Functionalism and Frustration-Aggression provided the framework, while the case study method was adopted. The International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) was purposive in selection for the study. The key informant and In-depth interviews were conducted. Also, ten (10) concluded cases were reviewed. Secondary data was derived from newsletter publications supplied by the organization. Data were content analyzed.

The study showed that in managing marital violence, the organization (Non-state actor) does not encourage divorce, but would counsel separation when a threat to life was involved. There was always an achievement of management at any intervention, although in infinitesimal instances parties truncate the process, and usually, where mechanisms proved abortive, couples were referred to court.


Keywords: Violence, Marital Violence, Non-State Actors and Mediation

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