Evolution, Implications and Challenges of Community Guards Operations in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria

Olanrewaju Abduwasii Oladejo




The Nigerian state is currently confronted with several security challenges which seem to be on a steady course in undermining the capacity of formal law enforcement agencies. Like many states in the country, Oyo state, South-Western Nigeria is no exception; hence, the initiative of Community Guards in supporting the state in its efforts at providing basic community security, is commendable, but emerging indications suggest that challenges confronting their operations may thwart the laudable idea. Therefore, a study to examine, the emergence, implications and challenges of their operations was conducted using Ibadan Metropolis as case study.It was a mixed study anchored on the Broken Window Theory. Data were sourced from 2 urban and 2 semi-urban settlements in the Metropolis deploying stratified sampling option to elicit relevant information from Vigilante groups, traditional Night Guards, as well as the Police while data collated were content analysed using descriptive approach. Confirming assertions in literature, the study traced the emergence of Community Guard operations to limited capacity and reach of the Nigeria Police Force and NSCDC, affirm synergy and collaboration with state-owned security outfits which undoubtedly has positive implications on security in the selected areas. Meanwhile, a number of factors such as logistics and training inadequacies, restriction to bear certain firearms as well as poor and irregular remuneration were discovered to constitute challenges to the groups’ operations. Regular payment of wages with appropriate annual incremental ration was recommended in addition to strict firearms authorization while consistent interface through training and re-training for improved cooperation, efficiency and effectiveness were also not left out.                                                          


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