Philosophical Interpretations and the Pursuit of Peace

Adebola B Ekanola



Introduction: The Need for Interpretations

Philosophy as a discipline is conceived differently by philosophers, but a theme that runs through the diverse conceptions of philosophy is that it is a rational investigation into the fundamental principles of existence in its diverse manifestations. It studies the nature, causes, underlying principles as well as general and fundamental problems of existence. Hence, the concern of philosophy has been described as the pursuit of "crucial truths" (Horowitz, 2007: 6) or fundamental truths about reality. We may understand reality to mean everything in existence, and this includes humankind and its society. Working with this broad understanding of the enterprise of philosophy, we may go a step further to say that one of the essential ways philosophers seek for crucial truths is through what Sellars describes as "rational sizing up" (see Horowitz, 2007: 1) of relevant issues or through a critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs about reality or any aspect of it. This perspective of what philosophy is and how it goes about its enterprise is consistent with the popular view that philosophy is essentially a highly critical and analytic discipline that aims to uncover fundamental truths about reality.

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