Impact Of Exposure To Domestic Violence On Social And Psychological Wellbeing Of Students In Tertiary Institutions In Ibadan
Domestic violence is a global challenge with previous studies focusing on the devastating effects on the victims while the impact on those exposed to the violence remains largely unexplored. Understanding the consequences of exposure to violence is essential to combating its negative effects. The study examined the impact of exposure to domestic violence on social and psychological wellbeing of students in tertiary institutions in Ibadan.
Descriptive survey research design of the ex-post facto type was adopted for the study. The population comprises of students in selected public and private tertiary institutions of in Ibadan. A simple random sampling technique was used to select three hundred and sixty respondents for the study. A questionnaire tagged “Exposure to Domestic Violence and Wellbeing Questionnaire” (EDVAWQ) with three distinctive sections was the main instrument used for the study. Section B measuring Exposure to Domestic Violence had reliability coefficient of 0.78, section C measuring Psychological Wellbeing had reliability coefficient of 0.85 while section D, measuring Social Wellbeing had coefficient of 0.87.
Findings showed that there was significant relationship between exposure to domestic violence and psychological well being of students in tertiary institutions (r = .194, n = 360, P < 0.05), that there was significant relationships between exposure to domestic violence and social wellbeing of the adolescents (r = .412, n = 360, P < 0.05) and that there was a linear combination (joint effect) of social and psychological wellbeing on domestic violence F(3,312) = 43.056; R= .541, R2 = .293, Adj. R2 = 0.286; P < .05).
Based on these findings, the study recommended that parents should be mindful of their children’s presence when there is a disagreement and should ensure it is resolve amicably and not allow it to degenerate into violence.