Best Practices for Community Policing and Crime Prevention in Nigeria in The 21st Century
Keywords:Best practices, Community policing, Crime prevention, 21st Century
Community engagement lies at the centre of policing. Therefore, through collaborative efforts, community and police personnel address criminality and chaos using approaches determined to be best practices for their communities. Today, community policing involves a new philosophy of police operations and management; hosting an accountability system involving the entire organisation. Nevertheless, to be effective in preventing crime, Nigerian police should place renewed emphasis on community engagement and practices. Based on this premise, this paper examines the best practices for community policing and crime prevention in Nigeria in the 21st Century. The paper began with an introduction which x-rayed community policing as evolving to meet the new expectations that emerge in the 21st Century. The paper further looked into the philosophical principles of community policing, crime prevention, community policing best practices for Nigeria in the 21st Century, organizational changes for implementing community policing best practices for Nigeria in the 21st Century, and the expected benefits of community policing to Nigerians in the 21st Century.The paper concluded that while the ways of implementing community policing may differ in practice in accordance with certain conditions in the communities, it is imperative to know that the major philosophical principles of community policing should always be adhered to, if the best practices for community policing is to be achieved in Nigeria in the 21st Century.