Predictive Estimates of Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors on Road Safety Practices among Commercial Bus Drivers in Ibadan South-East Local Government: National Development Implications

Jacob Olusola Odelola, Olaitan Johnson Balogun

Abstract




Road traffic accident is prevalent and frequently occurring in Nigeria. The occurrences have in most occasions led to loss of lives and properties worth huge amount of money. Experts have identified poor road safety practices of commercial drivers as the cause of the problem. This study examined predictive estimates of demographic and socio-economic factors on road safety practices among commercial bus drivers in Ibadan South-East Local Government: National development implications. Descriptive research design was adopted for the study. Four hundred and ninety-eight respondents were sampled for the study using systematic sampling method. Researchers’ developed questionnaire was used. Four hypotheses were tested. Pearson Moment Correlation and Regression Analysis were used to test the hypotheses. The result revealed that joint contribution of demographic variables on road safety practices among commercial bus drivers was significant [F(4,493)=4.605; P<0.05). Also, significant joint contribution of socio-economic variables on road safety practices among the drivers was found F(3,494)=8.294; P<0.05). It was concluded that demographic indices (age, years of experience, mode of ownership and marital status) as well as socio-economic variables (income, educational qualification, belief and peer influence) are predictors of road safety practices among commercial bus drivers. It was recommended that Federal Road Safety Corps should enforce traffic safety regulations. Safety education programme for commercial bus drivers should be organized by Government and Non- Governmental Organisations. Also, safety education should be included in the curriculum of education at all levels in Nigeria and should be taught by health education experts. Furthermore, transportation should occupy a pride of place in national development programme.

 

Keywords:  Demographic indices, socio-economic variables, commercial bus drivers, road traffic accidents, road safety practices.

                       

 


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References


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