CONSOCIATIONALISM: HOW RELEVANT TO NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND POWER SHARING IN NIGERIA?

Dhikru Adewale Yagboyaju

Abstract



The call by President Goodluck Jonathan for the formation of a Government of National Unity (GNU), after the conclusion of the 2011 general elections, resonates memories of similar calls made under some past administrations in; Nigeria. In the country ’s relatively recent past, it is on record that Presidents Shehu Shagari, Olusegun Obasanjo and Umaru Yar’ Adua, at different times, made similar calls supposedly in order to address the issues of power sharing and national integration in Nigeria. In what ways were these calls and requests actualized? How effective were they in addressing the challenge of equitable power sharing in the country? Is the major idea behind the formation of Government of National Unity in Nigeria the same as consociationalism that has effectively helped in resolving fragmentation and the effects of deep cleavages in some countries? How relevant is consociational democracy to the quest for peaceful co-existence among Nigeria’s diverse ethnic nationalities and the overall development of the country? These are the questions that this paper shall critically examine and effectively analyze. The research methodology is historical, descriptive and analytical. The framework of analysis is a combination of selected scholarly contextualization of theories on legitimating and state formation in Africa. Finally, the paper shall, based

 


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