Philosophical Interpretations and the Pursuit of Peace

Adebola B Ekanola

Abstract


 

Introduction: The Need for Interpretations

Philosophy as a discipline is conceived differently by philosophers, but a theme that runs through the diverse conceptions of philosophy is that it is a rational investigation into the fundamental principles of existence in its diverse manifestations. It studies the nature, causes, underlying principles as well as general and fundamental problems of existence. Hence, the concern of philosophy has been described as the pursuit of "crucial truths" (Horowitz, 2007: 6) or fundamental truths about reality. We may understand reality to mean everything in existence, and this includes humankind and its society. Working with this broad understanding of the enterprise of philosophy, we may go a step further to say that one of the essential ways philosophers seek for crucial truths is through what Sellars describes as "rational sizing up" (see Horowitz, 2007: 1) of relevant issues or through a critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs about reality or any aspect of it. This perspective of what philosophy is and how it goes about its enterprise is consistent with the popular view that philosophy is essentially a highly critical and analytic discipline that aims to uncover fundamental truths about reality.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aigbidioh, J. (1997). Philosophy of Science: Issues and Problems. Ibadan: Hope Publications.

Ashby, R.W. (1985). Logical Positivism. In O'Connor, D.J. (ed.), A Critical History of Western Philosophy. London: The Free Press.

Beaney, M., Analysis. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http//plato.stanford.edu/entries/ analysis. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.

Chatterji, P.C. (1979). An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis. Bombay: Kitab Mahal.

Austme C. Functional Definitions of Religion. www.atheism.about.com/od/religion definition/a/functional.htm Retrieved on 3 October 2013.

Forster, M. N. (2007). Hermeneutics. In Leister, Brian and Rosen, Michael (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy. Oxford:

University Press. http://philosophy.

uchicago.edu/faculty/files/forster/

HERM.pdf. Retrieved on 2 November 2013. Freud, S. (1928). Totem and Taboo: Resemblance

Between the Psychic Lives of Savages anil

Neurotics. New York. Grondin, J. (1995). Introduction to Philosophical

Hermeneutics. New Haven: Yale University

Press. Hansen, E. (ed.) (1987). Africa Perspectives on Peace

and Development. London: Zed Books Ltd. Hempel, C. J. (1970). Aspects of Scientific

Explanation and other Essays. New York: The

Free Press. Horowitz,!. L. (2007). The Idea of War and Peace: The

Experience of Western Civilization. New

Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. Koch, A. (1960). Philosophy for a Time of Crisis. New

York: E Dutton and Co. Marx, K. (1845). Theses on Feubach. hup://

www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/

/theses/theses.htm. Accessed on 2

November 2013).

(1974). On Religion. Edited and Translated

by Saul K. Padover. New York: McGraw-Hill

Book Company. McCullagh, B. C. (2000). Bias in Historical

Description, Interpretation and Explanation.

History and Theory. Vol. 39, No. 1. Uroh, C. O. (1999). Cultural Dislocation and Urban

Anarchy in Africa: Towards a Future of a

Humanised City. Journal of Futures Studies, Vol.

, No. 1. Weber, M. (2002). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit

of Capitalism. Los Angeles: Roxbury Company.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.